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单词 knowledge
释义

knowledge

音标['n?lid?]

汉语翻译

n. 知识, 学问, 认识, 知道
相关词组:
have no knowledge of
to sb's knowledge
come to sb's knowledge

词意辨析:

knowledge, learning, scholarship
这些名词均有“知识、学问”之意。
knowledge: 强调对全部已知或可知的知识的理解。
learning: 指通过研究、经验或他人传授而得到的知识;也指熟练掌握知识的过程,有时可指全部学识和智慧的总和。
scholarship: 侧重指经过深入学习、研究而获得的渊博的、价值较高的知识。

英语解释:

名词 knowledge:

  1. the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
    同义词:cognition, noesis

例句:

  1. My knowledge of Japanese is rather poor.
    我的日语相当差。
  2. They did it without my knowledge.
    他们是背着我做这件事的。
  3. She has a detailed knowledge of this period.
    她对这段时期的情况了解地相当详细。

详细解释:


knowl.edge

n.(名词)
The state or fact of knowing.
知道:知晓的状态或事实
Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study.
熟知,知觉:通过经验或学习而对某物的熟悉、意识或理解
The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned.
知识:被理解、发现、知道的事物的总和或范围
Learning; erudition:
学问;博学:
例句:
teachers of great knowledge.
博学的老师

Specific information about something.
消息:关于某一事物的专门的信息
Carnal knowledge.
*

来源:
Middle English knowlech
中古英语 knowlech
knowen [to know] * see know
knowen [了解] *参见 know
-leche [n. suff]
-leche [名词后缀]

<参考词汇><同义词>knowledge,information,learning,erudition,lore,scholarshipThese nouns refer to what is known,as by having been acquired through study or experience.
这些名词都是指已经了解的东西,比如通过学习或经验获得的。
Knowledge is the broadest;it includes facts and ideas, understanding, and the totality of what is known:
Knowledge 含义最广;它包括事实和思想观念,对事物的理解和已知事物的总体:
例句:
.A knowledge of Greek thought and life, and of the arts in which the Greeks expressed their thought and sentiment, is essential to high culture. (Charles Eliot Norton).
.对希腊的思想和生活方式,及希腊人用以表现他们的思想和感情的艺术的理解,对严肃文化是非常重要的. (查尔斯·艾略特·诺顿)。

例句:
.Science is organized knowledge. (Herbert Spencer).
.科学是被组织起来的知识. (赫伯特·斯宾塞)。

Information is usually construed as being narrower in scope thanknowledge ; it often implies a collection of facts and data:
Information 这个词,人们一般认为它所指的范围要比knowledge 窄; 它经常指事实和数据的总和:
例句:
.Obviously, a man`s judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it. (Arthur Hays Sulzberger).
.很显然,一个人的判断不可能超越作为这种判断基础的信息. (阿瑟·海斯·舒尔茨伯格)。

Learning usually refers to knowledge that is gained by schooling and study:
Learning 通常指通过上学和研究获得的知识:
例句:
.Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence. (Abigail Adams).
.学问不是随随便便就来的,必须热情地去追求,努力地去获得. (艾比盖尔·亚当斯)。

Erudition implies profound knowledge,often in a specialized area:
Erudition 暗示深奥的知识,通常用于特殊地方:
例句:
.Some have criticized his poetry as elitist, unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition. (Elizabeth Kastor).
.有人批评他的诗是精英主义的诗歌,那些没有他那种学识的人根本看不懂,这完全没有必要. (伊丽莎白·卡斯特)。

Lore is usually applied to knowledge about a particular subject that is gained through tradition or anecdote:
Lore 通常用来指通过传说和轶闻获得的关于某一专门方面的知识:
例句:
Early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend.
古代的人通过传说把他们知道的关于动植物的知识传给后代。

Scholarship is the knowledge of a scholarwhose mastery of a particular area of learning is reflected in the scope, thoroughness, and quality of his or her work:
Scholarship 是指一个学者的知识,他(她)对某一专门的学术领域的理解可在他(她)著作的视野、深度和质量中得到反映:
例句:
a book that gives ample evidence of the author`s scholarship.
一本充分显示著者学术水平的书


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