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单词 melancholy
释义

melancholy

音标['mel?nk?li]

汉语翻译

n. 忧郁, 悲哀, 愁思
a. 忧郁的, 使人悲伤的, 愁思的

词型变化:

名词:melancholiness 副词:melancholily 

词意辨析:

sad, unhappy, gloomy, blue, sorrowful, melancholy
这些形容词均含“忧伤的,悲哀的,伤感的”之意。
sad: 最常用词,泛指一切形式的悲伤,着重暂时的不幸或感觉的忧伤。
unhappy: 多指日常生活中遇到不如意的事而感到不愉快、不幸,侧重指心理状态。
gloomy: 指愁眉苦脸,令他人也感到扫兴。
blue: 非正式用词,语气较随便,指较强烈的忧郁或沮丧。
sorrowful: 多指因丧失亲人等原因所引起的悲哀,也指由于错误而产生的悔恨交加的心情。
melancholy: 指经常性的忧郁或悲哀,多用于文学描写中。

英语解释:

名词 melancholy:

  1. a feeling of thoughtful sadness
  2. a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
  3. a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
    同义词:black bile

形容词 melancholy:

  1. characterized by or causing or expressing sadness
    同义词:melancholic
  2. grave or even gloomy in character
    同义词:somber, sombre

例句:

  1. A deep melancholy runs through her poetry.
    她的诗中贯穿著悲伤的情调。
  2. Melancholy is the preponderant mood of the poem.
    忧郁的感情是该诗的基调。
  3. There is a vein of melancholy in his character.
    他的性格中有少许忧郁的气质。
  4. A funeral is a melancholy occasion.
    葬礼是一个令人忧伤的场合。
  5. When he left, she sank into melancholy.
    当他走后,她陷入沉思。

详细解释:


mel.an.chol.y

n.(名词)
Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom:
忧郁:悲哀或情绪低落;郁闷:
例句:
.There is melancholy in the wind and sorrow in the grass.(Charles Kuralt)
.风儿忧郁,草儿悲哀.(查尔斯·库拉尔特)

Pensive reflection or contemplation.
沉思,深思
Archaic
【古语】
Black bile.
黑胆汁
An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from black bile.
忧郁:据信是因黑胆汁过多而引起的,以精神郁闷、低沉及怒气猛烈爆发为特征的一种精神状态
adj.(形容词)
Affected with or marked by depression of the spirits; sad.See Synonyms at sad
忧郁的,悲哀的:受情绪低落影响的,以其为特征的;悲哀的参见 sad
Tending to promote sadness or gloom:
引起悲哀或郁闷的:
例句:
a letter with some melancholy news.
带来令人悲伤的消息的信

Pensive; thoughtful.
深思的;认真思考的

来源:
Middle English melancolie
中古英语 melancolie
from Old French
源自 古法语
from Late Latin melancholia
源自 后期拉丁语 melancholia
from Greek melankholia
源自 希腊语 melankholia
melas melan- [black]
melas melan- [黑色的]
kholô [bile] * see ghel- 2
kholô [胆汁] *参见 ghel- 2

【引伸】
mel.anchol.ily
adv.(副词)
mel.anchol.iness
n.(名词)

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